The chapters comprising this volume suggest a natural threefold clustering: neuroscience, philosophy of mind, and mind and sociality – overlapping interest is, of course, not precluded. In the first section, two practicing neuroscientists, Fuster and Basar, see the fertility of Hayek’s ‘‘explanation of the principle’’ informing their empirical work. The philosophy of mind section kicks off with three writers well-known for their work in the field – Rust, Ross, and Feser. Rust offers a critical explication of The Sensory Order in light of current connectionist thinking. Ross examines the link between Hayek’s connectionist theory of mental architecture and descriptive and normative individualism. Feser sets out Hayek’s causal theory of the mind and criticisms thereof in light of contemporary philosophy of mind. Wible, an economist with a dual interest in psychology, looks at Hayek and Peirce’s relational interpretations of sensation and cognition. Jan Willem Lindemans brings to his broad methodological and epistemological interests to bear on the vexed question of to what degree Hayek was a Kantian. Becchio rounds off this section with a brief examination of the Mach–Kant and Hayek–Mach relationship. The mind and sociality section opens with Gloria Zúñiga y Postigo’s explicit linkage of spontaneous order, mind and collective intentionality. Chelini, in similar vein, discusses the hot topic of mirror neurons. Cheung makes the case for a direct link between Hayek’s philosophical psychology and the liberalism for which Hayek is best known. Aimar brings his dual interest in economics and the psychology of decision making to bear on entrepreneurial behavior and the Austrian tradition. Closing out the volume, Camplin’s panoptic chapter bridges Hayek’s theory of the mind to his work on spontaneous orders.